Oil and Gas Job Search – The Ultimate Guide to Getting a Job

Oil and gas job search has a life cycle of its own. It starts with the desire to make a move to finding the right job that will contribute to your larger goals in life.

The fact is that job hunting is an anxiety ridden and often lengthy process, always riddled with uncertainty.

But before you pop the champagne, a job search requires a systematic and strategic process of scouting with reasonable time and energy investment. 

So how does one go about an oil and gas job search that is productive? Typically, a job search’s lifecycle follows a pattern and best is to be methodical.

Identifying Skills & Interests 

The very first step is to have clarity on the kind of job you want. It means objectively identifying and analysing skills, values and interests if they align with the expectations of the career status targeted.

This helps you to know where you stand and if any additional skill sets or qualifications could make you more competitive.

Developing Oil and Gas Job Search Documents.

This starts with developing a master resume which should be ideally tweaked according to the requirements of specific applications.

It also involves preparing crisp cover letters, engaging personal statements and smart or rather strategic recommendations.

Fine Tuning Online Presence

Your online presence is very important in the job search process, especially in the current era of internet of things.

Be it a social networking site or otherwise, you should be wary of the information – whether textual or visual.  

Recruiters nowadays immediately check the online profiles to do background checks even before shortlisting.

So reviewing and fine tuning it is important before resumes are sent out. 

Using Online Job Portals

With job and candidate scouting shifting online, it is recommended to register and build profiles with popular job portals.

These help in making your updated profile a personalised experience to the recruiter with the right key words for better visibility.

Using the multitude of online apps and tools for specific needs or instant notifications also helps. They go a long way in pushing your profile amongst the first reviewed in the online abyss of millions. 

Oil and Gas Job Search; Network More! 

Networking is the most powerful tool to find a job. The old saying that it is not about what you know but who you know still holds true.

Many job connections are cracked only through personal networking.

With document prep and online presence sorted, it is smart or strategic recommendations through networking that help in getting a foothold in the job door.

Researching on Targeted Jobs 

The desired job will only turn into a reality when you research on the kinds of jobs available that match your identified interests and skills.

You are then supposed to pursue those opportunities with tailor-made resumes and smart or strategic recommendations. 

Being Organised

Job seekers often get confused with tracking job applications sent, follow-ups, interview schedules, networking contacts, etc. So organisational systems aided by online tools help.

Just ensure you are organized.

Preps for Interviews & Marketing for Self 

A powerful resume, online technology and networking can only land you an interview.

After that it all depends on how the interview is navigated and self- marketing done. Both require good prep and practice.

Salary Negotiations

The last round often culminates with money talk. Salary and profile offered are the deciding factors to accept or reject a job offer.

Get access to insights and reports to understand trends before salary negotiations. Here, tactfulness pays for a deal to close with an offer letter culminating with its acceptance.

Conclusion: Oil and Gas Job Search

In conclusion, I hope this helps to better understand what you need to do, to search for the job that you want.

So, what kind of jobs are available in the oil and gas sector? I will try to answer this question for you in a separate post later in the week.

However, even if you do not want to work in the oil and gas industry, the above principles apply to any job that you are searching for.

Leave a comment. Let us engage!

Oil and Gas Career Mistakes – Top 5 Mistakes That May Be Derailing You!

Oil and gas career mistakes are common among the professionals in the petroleum industry.

Ever felt like you are doing everything right, but just cannot seem to get ahead at work?

You could be making one of these five common mistakes. Networking with peers, missing out on job opportunities, salary negotiations gone bad are some of such mistakes.

Let me help you recognize these habits and keep your ambitions on track.

Ignoring Oil and Gas Networking

You might think keeping your head down and getting your job done is enough, but that is only part of the job. You also need to pay attention to your relationships with your co-workers.

In addition, you also need to keep tabs with other oil and gas professionals.

You can do this by directly seeking them or by attending oil and gas events such as workshops, seminars, social meetings, conferences or exhibitions

In reality, interpersonal relationships matter just as much as job performance. Let networking with peers become a crucial factor in your career success.

Oil and Gas Career Mistake- Salary Negotiation 

Management is well aware employee salary choices are often tied to personal circumstances, but that does not mean you should ask for an unrealistic figure when you are negotiating.

While it is wise to not ask for an unrealistic raise, it is also advisable to not under value yourself.

Scout through oil and gas information or insights to know the current salary standards in your sub-sector.

Negotiate on a figure which will have a positive effect on you personally, and the company. If you are only focused on how you can help yourself, your career will suffer.

Think of ways you can provide and add value to the oil and gas company you will be or are already working for.

Don’t Miss on Oil and Gas Opportunities

When you are searching for jobs, it is very important to know where to look and tap on current oil and gas job opportunities.

Even if you are not actively looking for a job change, it is sensible to know what is happening in the market.  

You would not like to pass on a dream oil and gas opportunity in your dream company, would you? 

Oil and Gas Jobs – Lack of Engagement

Keep yourself engaged and busy in your work life. Meet and network with people, recommend peers for assignments if you come across any, take part in office activities, amongst others.

Engagement is taking steps to make things happen instead of waiting for an invitation or opportunity to fall in your lap.

Be consistently proactive in your career. Someone will take notice of your efforts.

Oil and Gas Career Mistakes – Not Dressing to Impress

Whether you like it or not, your appearance matters, so you need to pay attention to your clothes, hair and accessories, and ensure they are appropriate.

When working, you are not just representing yourself, you are also a walking or talking billboard for your company’s brand.

Therefore, take yourself, your professional goals and your company seriously.

Conclusion

As I conclude, let me emphasise that petroleum industry is an industry that is very rewarding. You should consider a career in the sector.

Many oil and gas professionals are poised to retire and exit the workforce. Therefore, oil and gas sector is looking for new employees, and thus opening new oil and gas careers opportunities.

You have probably thought about you should do to get ahead in the oil and gas career. It is as important to also consider what you should not do, too.

We all make mistakes in the workplace at one point or another. However, repeatedly making the same oil and gas career mistakes will decrease your happiness on the job and quality of life.

I would like to hear from you. Leave a comment below or ask a question about oil and gas careers.

Join us for the 4th Annual Upstream Oil & Gas Golf Tournament to be held on Friday, 21st February, 2020 in Nairobi. This would be a great networking opportunity for you in the oil and gas industry

Oil and Gas Terminologies – 28 Basic Terms You SHOULD Master Today!

Oil and gas terminologies can be confusing, especially for people who are new to the industry workforce. While some terms may seem self-explanatory, others are more bizarre and require a breakdown in order to grasp the basic understanding.

However, knowing the oil and gas terminologies is not just important for understanding your colleagues in the industry, it is also imperative for ensuring that your work is done safely and well.

We would like to help you when making a move into the oil and gas industry.

These oil and gas terminologies provides help and guidance in your journey to the industry.

Ultimate Guide to Oil and Gas Terminologies

I have created this ultimate guide to oil and gas industry terminologies to help you get familiar with the industry jargon.

If you want to work in oil and gas, get a head start with this guide to the industry lingo.

Barrel

This is the standard, basic unit for measuring oil and is equivalent to 42 U.S. gallons or 158.9873 litres.

Blowout

A blowout is an uncontrolled flow of gas, oil, or other fluids typically caused by a pressure control system failure.

Boe

This stands for Barrels of Oil Equivalent and is defined as a unit of energy equal to the energy released by burning one barrel of crude oil.

BOEPD

This stands for Barrels of Oil Equivalent Per Day.

BTU

BTU is an acronym for British Thermal Unit, a unit of heat.

Christmas tree

The fittings and valves connected to the top of a well which controls the rate of flow from the well

Crude Oil

This is a naturally occuring and unrefined product of petroleum that can be refined to petrochemicals.

Derrick

The tower-like structure that controls most of the drilling and provides support for equipment being lowered in the well

Derrickman

The title for the third person in command after the driller and the assistant driller.

Discovery

 A well from which oil or gas has been recovered.

Dog House

This often refers to a steel-sided room that acts as a communication center for driller and crew.

Downstream

A term that is linked to oil and gas activities, such as refining, that take place away from the source of the supply.

Drill Cuttings

This refers to pieces of rock found in the well after drilling that are then removed and properly disposed of.

E&A

The abbreviation for exploration and appraisal

Oil and Gas Terminologies Contd….

Fish 

Anything that’s fallen down the wellbore by mistake

Frac job 

Another term for hydraulic fracturing (when an oil or gas well is stimulated by pumping special fluids into the reservoir)

Grapple 

Name of tools used to recover fish from the wellbore

Joint

Refers to the length of a pipe

Motorman 

The member of the crew responsible for maintenance of the engines

Permeability

The degree to which fluids or gas can move through porous material.

Pig 

Name of the tool used to clean a pipeline

Reservoir

A general term used to refer to porous and permeable rock containing commercial volumes of oil and gas.

Spudding In

A term that describes the first drilling phase of a new well.

Sour Gas

Natural gas contaminated with chemicals, usually sulfur compounds, that causes a sour odour

TCF

An acronym for Trillion Cubic Feet of natural gas.

Trap

A geological barrier to the upward movement of oil or gas.

Upstream

This term refers to processes in the oil and gas industry, such as exploration and production, that occur near the supply.

Wildcat well 

An exploratory well that is drilled in an area that isn’t a known oil field

Conclusion

In conclusion, the above oil and gas industry terminologies will give you an idea, and a foothold into the oil and gas industry.

You are now up to speed on the important oil and gas industry jargon.

You can put your knowledge to test by leaving a comment below or asking a question on this or any other term you would like to know.

Subsea Xmas Tree; 4 Things You MUST Know About Subsea Trees

Subsea Xmas tree is basically a stack of valves installed on a subsea wellhead. It is installed provide a controllable interface between the well and production facilities.

It is composed of a variety of valves, which are used for testing, servicing, regulating, or choking the stream of produced oil, gas, and liquids coming up from the well below.

Different types of subsea Xmas trees may be used for either production or water/gas injection. Configurations of subsea Xmas trees may differ based on the requirements of the projects and field developments.

Functions of a Subsea Xmas Tree

Enable flow of the produced fluid from the well or the injection of water or gas from surface facility into the formation (called injection tree), including protection fluids, such as inhibitors for corrosion or hydrate prevention.

Stop the flow of fluid produced or injected by means of valves in a safe way.

Control the fluid flow through a choke (not always mandatory).

Monitor well parameters at the level of the tree, such as well pressure, annulus pressure, temperature, sand detection, etc.

Vertical Christmas Tree

Master valves are located above the tubing hanger and swab valves together with master valves are stacked vertically.

The production and annulus bore lays vertically on the body of the tree. The well completion is finished before installing the vertical Xmas tree.

Since the tubing hanger rests on the wellhead, Xmas tree can be recovered without having to recover the downhole completion. This type is generally applied in subsea fields due to their flexibility of installation and operation.

Horizontal Christmas Tree

In contrast to vertical Xmas tree, the valves of horizontal Xmas tree are located on the lateral sides of the horizontal Xmas tree.

This allows for easy well intervention and tubing recovery. Therefore, this type of tree is very feasible for the wells that need many interventions.

The tubing hanger is installed in the tree body instead of the wellhead. Consequently, the tree is installed onto the wellhead before completion of the well.

Components of a Subsea Christmas Tree

Typical components of a typical subsea Xmas tree include:

  • Tubing hanger system.
  • A tree connector to attach the tree to the subsea wellhead.
  • The tree body, a heavy forging with production flow paths, designed for pressure containment, annulus flow paths may also be included in the tree body.
  • Tree valves for the production bore, the annulus, and ancillary functions. The tree valves may be integral with the tree body or bolted on.
  • Valve actuators for remotely opening and closing the valves. Some valves may be manual and will include ROV interfaces for deepwater.
  • Control junction plates for umbilical control hookup.
  • Control system. This includes the valve actuator command system and includes pressure and temperature transducers. The valve actuator command system can be simple tubing or a complex system, including a computer and electrical solenoids depending on the application.
  • Choke (optional) for regulating the production flow rate.
  • Tree piping for conducting production fluids, crossover between the production bore and the annulus, chemical injection, hydraulic controls, etc.
  • Tree guide frame for supporting the tree piping and ancillary equipment. In addition, it provides and guidance for installation and intervention.
  • External tree cap for protecting the upper tree connector and the Xmas tree itself. Tree cap often incorporates dropped object protection or fishing trawl protection.

Conclusion

In conclusion, subsea Xmas trees have been topping underwater wellhead to control flows since 1950s.

Subsea trees are used in offshore field developments globally. This is from shallow to ultra deepwaters. For example, the deepest subsea trees have been installed in the waters offshore Brazil and in the Gulf of Mexico.

Other subsea trees include mudline suspension trees, monobore trees and large bore trees.

Aker Solutions, Cameron, FMC Technologies and Schlumberger are some of the companies that manufacture subsea Xmas trees.

I would be happy to hear from you. Leave a comment below!

Oil and Gas Christmas Tree; Christmas Tree or Wellhead?

Oil and gas christmas tree, and a wellhead are oil and gas terms. Although used interchangeably, the terms are not the same.

Each has valves and related equipment that help to control and guide the flow of the oil and gas from the ground.

Let us attempt to show the difference between the oil and gas christmas tree and a wellhead.

What is an Oil and Gas Christmas Tree?

A christmas tree in the upstream oil and gas industry is an assembly of valves, spools and fittings used for oil, gas, water injection, water disposal, gas injection, condensate and other types of wells.

It resembles a decorated Christmas tree.

What is an Oil and Gas Wellhead?

The oil and gas wellhead is the component at the surface of a well that provides the structural and pressure-containing interface for the drilling and production equipment.

Producing surface wells that require pumps (pump jacks, nodding donkeys, etc.) frequently do not use any tree because no pressure containment is required.

The oil and gas christmas tree and the wellhead work together to bring oil and gas to the ground.

Oil and gas christmas trees are frequently manufactured from blocks of steel containing multiple valves rather than made from multiple flanged valves.

The primary function of a christmas tree is to control the flow into or out of the oil and gas well.

An oil and gas christmas tree often provides numerous additional functions. These functions includes chemical injection points, well intervention means, pressure relief means (such as annulus vent).

In addition, it includes christmas tree and well monitoring points such as pressure, temperature, corrosion, erosion, sand detection, flow rate, flow composition, valve and choke position feedback, connection points for devices such as down-hole pressure and temperature transducer.

Importance of an Oil and Gas Christmas Tree?

Importance of a christmas tree is in serving these functions;

  • On producing wells, injecting chemicals or alcohols or oil distillates to prevent and or solve production problems such as blockages.
  • Controlling the injection of gas or water on a producing or non-producing well to sustain economic “production” volumes of gas from other wells in the oilfield.
  • The control system attached to the oil and gas christmas tree controls the downhole safety valve. Therefore, the christmas tree in this instance acts as an attachment and conduit means for the control system to the downhole safety valve.

Oil and Gas Christmas Tree Valves.

A christmas tree has five valves: the kill wing valve, swab valve, production wing valve, upper master valve and lower master valve.

When the operator, well and facilities are ready to produce and receive oil or gas, valves are opened and the released formation fluids are allowed to flow into and through a pipeline.

It is important to understand where these valves are located and what role they play in getting oil or gas from the well bore to the customer.

Components of a Christmas Tree

The two lower valves are called the master valves. They are the upper and lower valves respectively. This is because they lie in the flow path, which well fluids must take to get to the surface.

The lower master valve will normally be manually operated, while the upper master valve is often hydraulically actuated.

Hydraulic tree wing valves are built to be fail-safe closed. This means that they require active hydraulic pressure to stay open.

The right-hand valve is often called the flow wing valve or production wing valve, because it is in the flow path the hydrocarbons take to production facilities.

The left-hand valve is often called the kill wing valve. It is primarily used for injection of fluids such as corrosion inhibitors or methanol to prevent hydrate formation.

Swab valve at the top lies in the path used for well interventions, like wireline and coiled tubing.

The choke is the device, either stationary or adjustable, used to:

  • Control the gas flow which is also known as volume.
  • Create downstream pressure which is also referred to as back pressure

Conclusion

In conclusion, a wellhead must be present to utilize an oil and gas christmas tree. A wellhead does not use the christmas tree during drilling operations.

I hope this has helped you understand the various assemblies. In turn, this would help you better see the difference between a christmas tree and a wellhead.

Leave a comment below, or ask a question.

Mozambique Area-1 LNG Project in Mozambique – 5 Things You SHOULD Know!

Mozambique Area-1 LNG project comprises of  the Golfinho-Atum gas field development. This is in the offshore Area 1 Block of the deep-water Rovuma Basin.

In addition, it comprises of the construction of a 12.88 million tonnes per annum (Mtpa) onshore liquefied natural gas (LNG) facility on the Cabo Delgado coast of Mozambique.

Anadarko Petroleum Corporation, through its wholly-owned subsidiary Anadarko Moçambique Área 1, holds majority stake in the Mozambique Rovuma Offshore Area 1 development consortium.

The final investment decision (FID) on the Area 1 Mozambique LNG project was taken in June 2019. It is estimated to cost about $20bn.

Construction works on the integrated LNG project started in 2019, with the start of production scheduled for 2024.

The Mozambique Area-1 LNG will be the first onshore LNG facility in Mozambique.

Mozambique Area-1 LNG Project History

In 2011 and 2012, gas and oil multinationals ENI from Italy and Anadarko from the U.S.A. made a huge discovery: a gas field containing 7000 billion cubic meters of gas, just off the coast of Cabo Delgado, Mozambique’s northernmost province.

This has become the world’s fourth largest offshore gas project. The discovery is worth hundreds of billions of dollars.

Mozambique is emerging as a future leader in the global LNG industry, and this is as it works to develop an LNG facility on the Afungi peninsula in Cabo Delgado province.

With approximately 75 trillion cubic feet of recoverable natural gas discovered in the Area 1, the Mozambique LNG Project represents an extraordinary opportunity to meet increasing world demand for a energy.

To start, environmental impact assessment (EIA) for the Mozambique Area-1 LNG project was carried out between 2011 and 2014.

Thereafter, the Mozambican Ministry of Coordination of Environmental Affairs (MICOA) approved the EIA report in June 2014.

Finally, the concessions to design, build and operate the marine facilities for the project were secured from the Government of Mozambique in July 2017.

Most importantly, the Government of Mozambique gave the final approval for the Mozambique Area-1 LNG development plan in March 2018.

Mozambique Area-1 LNG Project Details

The Golfinho-Atum gas field is located in 1,600m-deep waters within the Rovuma Basin Area 1, approximately 40km off the coast of Cabo Delgado. The Offshore Area-1 is estimated to contain 75 trillion cubic feet (tcf) of recoverable natural gas resources.

The LNG processing and export facility will be developed in the Afungi peninsula in Cabo Delgado, the northernmost province of Mozambique.

Mozambique Area-1 LNG Project Operator and Partners

Anadarko holds 26.5% interest in the Rovuma Area 1 exploration and production concession. The other licensees are ENH Rovuma Área Um (15%), Mitsui E&P Mozambique Area1 (20%), ONGC Videsh (10%), Beas Rovuma Energy Mozambique (10%), Bharat Petroresources Limited (BPRL) Ventures Mozambique (10%), and PTTEP Mozambique Area 1 (8.5%).

Beas Rovuma Energy Mozambique (BREM) is a joint venture between ONGC Videsh (60%) and Oil India Limited (OIL, 40%), while BPRL is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Bharat Petroleum, another state-controlled oil and gas company of India.

Mozambique Area-1 LNG Facility

The Mozambique Area-1 LNG facility will consist of two liquefaction trains with a combined nameplate capacity of 12.88Mtpa in the initial phase. It will also house gas pre-treatment facilities and full-containment LNG storage tanks. The LNG production capacity of the facility is proposed to be further expanded up to 50Mtpa in future.

The plant will receive feed gas supply from the Golfinho-Atum gas field through pipeline and produce LNG for export to the Asian and European markets, as well as for domestic consumption in Mozambique.

Other support facilities for the LNG plant will include materials offloading facility and an LNG marine terminal capable of accommodating large LNG carriers, which will also be shared with upcoming Area 4 LNG projects.

LNG off-take

Mozambique Area-1 LNG project is backed with 11.1Mtpa of long-term LNG off-take agreements.

The customers for the project include Electricite de France (EDF, 1.2Mtpa), Japan’s JERA and Taiwan’s CPC Corporation (1.6Mtpa), CNOOC Gas and Power Singapore (1.5Mtpa).

Similarly, Tokyo Gas and Centrica (2.6Mtpa), Shell International Trading Middle East (2Mtpa), Bharat Petroleum Corporation (1Mtpa), and Indonesia’s Pertamina (1Mtpa) are also customers.

In addition, Anadarko signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with the Government of Mozambique in December 2015, to provide 100 million cubic feet of gas a day (Mmcfd) from the facility for domestic consumption.

Contractors and Suppliers

A consortium of McDermott, Chiyoda Corporation, and Saipem is responsible for the engineering, procurement, and construction (EPC) of the onshore liquefaction plant along with its support facilities.

The joint venture of CB&I (now McDermott), Chiyoda and Saipem (CCS JV) also provided the front-end engineering and design (FEED) for the LNG facility.

TechnipFMC, in consortium with Van Oord, is the engineering, procurement, construction, and installation (EPCI) contractor. This is for the offshore subsea system for the project.

Allseas will be engaged as a major subcontractor for the offshore installation works.

TechnipFMC will also provide subsea trees, subsea controls systems, production manifolds, subsea connectors, in addition to completion workover riser & installation workover control system for the subsea gathering system, through its subsidiary FMC Technologies.

Oceaneering International is the supplier of subsea umbilicals and distribution hardware, while Advanced Technology Valve will provide pipeline subsea ball and subsea gate valves.

Cameron Italy will supply the subsea chemical injection metering valves for the Mozambique Area-1 LNG project.

Conclusion

If you would like to work in this Mozambique Area-1 LNG Project, and if it’s something you want to improve in continually, then you can have a more secure footing in your space.

I would be glad to help!

In conclusion, keep updating yourself with knowledge, insights and the latest in the oil and gas business. Stay connected with your audience, expand your product offerings, and give the best customer service that you can, and it will set you apart from the others in this oil and gas industry.

Have any questions about LNG projects in Mozambique?